D’où surgit le nouveau capitalisme chinois ? « Bourgeoisification » de la bureaucratie et mondialisation

new_hong_kong_night_skylineDe la contre-révolution bureaucratique à la contre révolution bourgeoise

Pierre Rousset, ESSF, 23 février 2014

D’où surgit le nouveau capitalisme chinois, qu’est-ce qui a permis son envol et quelles sont ses particularités ? Quelles interrogations de fond cette expérience contemporaine soulève-t-elle ? Ce sont ces questions que la présente contribution veut aborder.

[Nous reproduisons ci-dessous le chapitre d’un livre sur la révolution chinoise qui doit être publié en Espagne. Les deux premières parties (portant sur la lutte révolutionnaire, puis le maoïsme au pouvoir) sont disponibles en français sur ESSF. Ce chapitre aborde des questions de fond et ouvre la troisième partie : la naissance d’un nouveau capitalisme en Chine et les luttes sociales des années 1980 à nos jours. L’écriture de cette troisième partie n’est pas achevée. Nous aimerions susciter des commentaires avant la remise définitive du manuscrit…] Continue lendo

Anúncios

China’s Rise: Strength and Fragility

shanghai_2425673kA Marxist analysis of Chinese capitalism and its ruling class illuminates the contradictions in its foreign relations, and the class tensions within.

Sean Ledwith, The Guardian, April 13, 2013

China’s Rise: Strength and Fragility, ed. Au Loong Yu, with contributions from Bai Ruixue, Bruno Jetin and Pierre Rousset (Merlin Press 2012), x, 316pp.

The accession earlier this year of Xi Jinping as China’s new President has activated a renewed surge of Western interest in the trajectory of its pre-eminent economic and military rival. Most of the political analysis of China in the Western media, predictably, is superficial and incoherent. The majority of mainstream commentators are simultaneously mystified and awe-struck by the spectacle of an apparently ‘communist’ state starting to overtake the capitalist West at its own game of global economic hegemony. Their dismay at the ascent of China is tempered by a smug belief that this development represents a moral victory for capitalism as the ‘People’s Republic’ has in effect abandoned its prior commitment to ‘Marxism-Leninism’.

The analysis edited by Au Loong Yu in China’s Rise: Strength and Fragility, represents a superior and more convincing approach as it is based on a starting point that the modern Chinese state has no socialist elements whatever and that, in fact, it represents a modified form of the capitalist economies that exist elsewhere. The book is also written from an explicitly Marxist perspective that with which readers of this website can identify. The writers have an avowed commitment to solidarity with the Chinese working class in its struggles with the country’s ruling class. Au Loong Yu is a left-wing activist from Hong Kong who manages to be both scathing about the hollow pretensions of Beijing’s elite to be part of a Marxist tradition, and dedicated to reviving that tradition in an authentic form. Continue lendo

The Formation of Russian Marxism

Revolucao-RussaPierre Rousset, ESSF, november 1988

Introduction
I/ RUSSIAN MARXISM: CONDEMNED
A/ Why was a qualitative (…)
B/ The methodological issue
C/ The relevance of the (…)
D/ Plekhanov’s Legacy and (…)
II/ The first turning point
A/ 1905-1907: A 20th century
B/ The composition of forces
C/ Conclusions: 1905 as a (…)
First conclusions
RUSSIAN MARXISM –2
I/ An assessment of Lenin’s
II/ The reevaluations imposed
Conclusions

Note to our readers

The Working Papers of the International Institute for Research and Education – Number 2 (WPIIRE n°2) includes the detailed outline and notes of two lectures presented at the 13th session of our international school (fall 1988), on the formation of Russian Marxism and Leninism, up to 1917. Continue lendo

Occupy Together! The conditions for a new internationalism

Neoliberal globalization has pushed for the emergence of a new internationalism. Today, it is the violence of the social crisis in the North that is creating the conditions for a new, new internationalism.

Pierre Rousset, Amandla!, November 1, 2011

Neoliberal globalisation effectively emerged at the beginning of the 1990s, immediately after the implosion of the Soviet Bloc. While it has been the pretext for a powerful attack against social and democratic rights, it has also showed the system’s incapacity to stabilise the new international order, as seen with the 1997–1998 first financial crises, then centred in Asia. Since then, the crises have succeeded each other, up until 2008, when their epicentre became the North, first the USA with the sub-primes, and today the European Union. Continue lendo

On the European Union crisis and the dynamics of resistances

ROUSSET Pierre, Europe Solidaire Sans Frontiere, 28 October 2011

This report was presented at an open session of the International Organising Committee (IOC) of the Asia-Europe People’s Forum (AEPF) meeting held in Paris October 28 before the alternative summit to the G20 in Nice (south of France). The notes distributed at the time of the meeting have been completed here with some elements raised during the exchanges. We post now online these notes as there have been written by a non-English speaker, but we hope to publish later a revised version in a more polished English.

The discussion was introduced by several reports either from Asia or from Europe. If we get their written version, we shall post them online as well.
There is a strong continuity between the first financial crisis opened by capitalist globalization (97-98) and the present one. But we have entered a new stage in the multifaceted and combined global crisis (climate and ecological crisis, food crisis, socio-economic crisis…). One can also underline a continuity from the « alter »/« anti » globalisation Global Justice Movement (GJM) initiated more than a decade ago, and the present « Indignants » wave. But here too, we have reached a significant turning point in the dynamics of mobilisations. Continue lendo

Fukushima o la inhumanidad capitalista

Pierre Rousset, Viento Sur, 2 de mayo de 2011

En unas notas escritas después del desastre nuclear japonés, el Dr. Abraham Behar, presidente de la Asociación de Médicos franceses para la Prevención de la Guerra Nuclear (AMFPGN), se preguntaba: “¿Quién se preocupa de los empleados de mantenimiento de Fukushima?: Se alzan voces que recuerdan la suerte de los 50 técnicos que hacen lo que pueden en la central altamente radioactiva. ¿Pero quién se preocupa de los 300 empleados encargados de los trabajos sucios, al lado de los bomberos y de su ridículo chorro de agua, y que son de hecho los “liquidadores” japoneses?” /1. Continue lendo

Japan : Fukushima and capitalist inhumanity

Pierre Rousset, ESSF, 18 avril 2011

Writing after the Japanese nuclear disaster, Dr Abraham Behar, President of the Association of French Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (AMFPGN), asked : “Voices are raised to discuss the fate of the 50 technicians who are doing what they can in the highly radioactive plant. But who cares about the some 300 others working alongside the fire-fighters and their derisory water jets ?” [1]. Continue lendo