Três anos de revoltas conectadas

mani junho BrExistem elementos comuns entre a explosão do movimento espanhol 15M e o nascimento #YoSoy123 no México? Pode-se traçar algum paralelo entre a defesa do Gezi Park, em Instambul, e as revoltas iniciadas pelo Passe Livre no Brasil? Há padrões compartilhados entre as revoltas que sacudiram o mundo desde a centelha da Primaveira Árabe?

Bernardo Gutierrez, Outras Palavras, 20 de janeiro de 2014. A tradução é de Cauê Ameni e Gabriela Leite.

Se levarmos em conta apenas pautas concretas, as revoltas poderiam parecer desconexas. O grito de “Não somos mercadorias nas mãos dos políticos e banqueiros”, do 15M, teria pouco a ver com o “Se a tarifa não baixar, a cidade vai parar”, das revoltas no Brasil. Occupy Wall Street estaria longe do #YoSoy132 mexicano, que nasceu contra a criminalização de 131 estudantes da Universidade Iberoamericana. No entanto, o imaginário de todas as revoltas parece conectado por algo que escapa à lógica.

O “vamos fazer como em Tahrir” (praça no Cairo, Egito) era um eco dos “quarenta da [Porta do] Sol” que acamparam em Madri na noite do 15 de maio de 2011. “Acabou a mordomia, o Rio vai virar outra Turquia” ressoava nas manifestações iniciais do Rio de Janeiro. O hashtag #TomaLaCalle, que agitou os indignados espanhois, foi reutilizado e remesclado na mobilização peruana de julho do ano passado.

A Anonymous Rio hackeou a conta do Twitter da Rede Globo e colocou três palavras: Democracia real já. E o imaginário do Occupy está presente na maioria das revoltas dos últimos tempos. O que, como e por que flutua no ar uma conexão inexplicável, à primeira vista? Continue lendo

Anúncios

As esquerdas e os indignados brasileiros

Dilma e RandolfeO movimento que sai as ruas se contrapõe as instituições do estado e do poder, que incluem não só os partidos governantes, mas também as entidades que os apoiam. Mas o “partido das ruas” está vivendo um rápido aprendizado da necessidade de organização e bandeiras políticas claras, que prosseguirá enquanto o “partido da ordem” não conseguir retomar a iniciativa política. Esta situação impõe escolhas estratégicas para cada corrente política do país.

José Correa Leite, 1 de julho de 2013

O movimento dos indignados chegou ao Brasil com toda força, tendo como deflagrador a repressão promovida pela polícia de São Paulo no dia 13 de junho contra a manifestação do Movimento Passe Livre. Segundo a Confederação Nacional dos Municípios, ocorreram protestos em 438 cidades; no dia 20 mais de um milhão estiveram nas ruas. O movimento por transportes e contra a degradação das condições de vida nas cidades catalisou a indignação popular com a podridão do sistema político brasileiro e encontrou nas negociatas do governo brasileiro com a FIFA um novo alvo: “Queremos educação e saúde padrão FIFA”. Todos os dias novos protestos, dos mais distintos setores sociais, pipocam pelas principais cidades do país.

Indignados por toda parte

Nascido nas praças árabes na luta contra as ditaduras, reproduzido na Praça do Sol em Madrid e na Praça Syntagma em Atenas, o movimento global dos indignados chegou aos Estados Unidos onde produziu o Occupy Wall Street, que se espalhou por todo o país. Ecoou na luta dos estudantes chilenos, quebecoises, mexicanos e colombianos. Mirou o autoritarismo do governo islâmico da Turquia tendo como ponto de partida a defesa do Parque Gize em Istambul. Onde tinha alvos claros, como no Egito e na Tunísia contra as ditaduras, no Chile e no Canadá por educação para todos ou no Brasil por transportes vem sendo capaz de arrancar conquistas aos governantes. É hoje evidente que os indignados não são exceções, mas a nova configuração geral do movimento de massas que emerge em resposta à crise geral do sistema capitalista depois de 2008. Continue lendo

An Ascending Trajectory?: Ten of the Most Important Social Conflicts in the US in 2012

occupy togetherDan La Botz, Europe Solidaire Sans Frontiere / New Politics, January 3, 2012

The most important American social conflict of 2012—the Chicago Teachers Union strike—suggests that the rising trajectory of social struggle in the United States that began at the beginning of 2011 may be continuing to ascend. While the United States has a much lower level of class struggle and social struggle than virtually any other industrial nation—few American workers are unionized (only 11.8%) and unionized workers engage in few strikes and those involve a very small numbers of workers—still, the economic crisis and the demand for austerity by both major political parties, Republican and Democrat, has led to increased economic and political activity and resistance by labor unions, particularly in the public sector.[1] Continue lendo

From Occupy Wall St.

why

September 15 -17 With Occupy Wall Street

Stop financial speculation on food and climate

Bangkok, August 31, 2012

The fight of Occupy Wall Street is the struggle of all movements in the world. Finance capital, that created the crisis in 2008, has increased its power instead of being disciplined. At present, world GDP is 64 trillion US dollars while the derivatives market reached the incredible figure of 1,500 trillion US dollars in 2011. The speculative economy is 250 times larger than the real economy of the world. Now banks and Transnational corporations (TNCs) are moving to speculate on the impacts of the climate and environmental crises that the capitalist system has created. Prices of food are beginning to climb again because of climate change and speculation in a world where 1 billion people already suffer from hunger. The banks and TNCs like Cargill, Wal-Mart, Monsanto are seeing this situation as a new opportunity to make profits through food derivatives, natural resource grabbing, GMOs, agro-fuels, free trade agreements, structural adjustments, austerity plans and other mechanisms to increase the privileges of the 1% at the expenses of the 99% of the world and at tremendous cost to our Mother Earth.

From 15 to 17th of September, in solidarity with Occupy Wall Street, we will raise our voices and promote actions to ban derivatives in food, dismantle the power of the banks and TNCs, stop the privatization of water and public services, cancel the illegitimate debts that are strangling our sisters and brothers in Europe, achieve deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions and restore a life in harmony with nature. Continue lendo

The Significance of Occupy

Dan La Botz, Robert Brenner and Joel Jordan, Solidarity, August 9, 2012

The Occupy Movement, the first such broad, national, multi-issue, mass movement in forty years, represented a test for the revolutionary socialist left in several senses. First, would the left recognize its important and immediately move to become an active part of it and work within it to help provide leadership? Second, would the left during Occupy be able to both appreciate its strengths and develop a critique of its weaknesses and limitations? Would it as the same time be able to conduct socialist propaganda and recruit to the socialist movement? Third, would the left in retrospect be able to analyze and learn from the Occupy experience in order to prepare itself for future movements?

The following document is seen as part of the process of understanding and analyzing Occupy and what proved to be the most important development of the Occupy movement–its interaction with the labor unions. This interaction represented the greatest challenge to the movement and to those of us who seek to understand it and learn from it. Continue lendo

Occupy Together! The conditions for a new internationalism

Neoliberal globalization has pushed for the emergence of a new internationalism. Today, it is the violence of the social crisis in the North that is creating the conditions for a new, new internationalism.

Pierre Rousset, Amandla!, November 1, 2011

Neoliberal globalisation effectively emerged at the beginning of the 1990s, immediately after the implosion of the Soviet Bloc. While it has been the pretext for a powerful attack against social and democratic rights, it has also showed the system’s incapacity to stabilise the new international order, as seen with the 1997–1998 first financial crises, then centred in Asia. Since then, the crises have succeeded each other, up until 2008, when their epicentre became the North, first the USA with the sub-primes, and today the European Union. Continue lendo

Occupy Wall Street debe ocupar Wall Street

Michael Moore, The Nation, March 15, 2012

Occupy Wall Street: ¿qué otro movimiento político contemporáneo ha sabido ganarse la simpatía y/o el apoyo de la mayoría de los estadounidenses en menos de dos meses? ¿Cómo fue esto posible? Creo que esta revuelta fue gestándose poco a poco a lo largo y lo ancho de Estados Unidos a partir del día en que Reagan echó a los controladores aéreos (NOTA DEL EDITOR: El 5 de agosto de 1981, el presidente Ronald Reagan ordenó despedir a 11,345 controladores aéreos en huelga que se negaron a retomar sus tareas. De alguna manera, este episodio marcó el comienzo de las Reaganomics, la política de desregulaciones pro-mercado de Reagan). Esa gestación silenciosa culminó el 17 de septiembre de 2011, cuando un grupo de personas, en su mayoría jóvenes, decidió pasar a la acción directa. Continue lendo

Occupy Wall Street: Why Now? What’s Next?

Naomi Klein and Yotam Marom in Conversation About Occupy Wall Street

Naomi Klein and Yotam Marom, The Nation, January 10, 2012

Naomi Klein: One of the things that’s most mysterious about this moment is “Why now?” People have been fighting austerity measures and calling out abuses by the banks for a couple of years, with basically the same analysis: “We won’t pay for your crisis.” But it just didn’t seem to take off, at least in the US. There were marches and there were political projects and there were protests like Bloombergville, but they were largely ignored. There really was not anything on a mass scale, nothing that really struck a nerve. And now suddenly, this group of people in a park set off something extraordinary. So how do you account for that, having been involved in Occupy Wall Street since the beginning, but also in earlier anti-austerity actions? Continue lendo

David Harvey at Occupy London

Intervenção de David Harvey filmada por Elaine Castillo

November 12, 2011 / International Day of Solidarity